Actualmente se encuentra en construcción el que se convertirá en el rascacielos más alto del mundo en 2017 superando la barrera de un Kilómetro, la Kingdom Tower (La Torre del Reino). El enorme edificio, diseño de la firma Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture y que arrebatará el título al Burj Dubai, se está construyendo en la ciudad de Jeddah en Arabia Saudita. La altura, que se mantiene en secreto para evitar ser superado al igual que ocurrió durante la construcción del Burj Dubai, sobrepasará la barrera de los 1.000 metros. Cual será el próximo reto del hombre en busca del cielo? La realidad es que construir el rascacielos más alto del mundo como símbolo de riqueza y poder no es lo más importante en estos momentos. El cambio climático y la Crisis Global han motivado que los arquitectos e ingenieros de vanguardia hayan tenido que irse adaptando a los nuevos tiempos, evolucionando y pensando en una nueva arquitectura verde, ecológica y sostenible, para satisfacer las necesidades actuales aprovechando todos los recursos naturales y respetar así el medio ambiente que nos rodea.

A continuación presentamos los 100 Rascacielos más Altos del Mundo están ordenadas por altura…

1. The Kingdom Tower – Jeddah, Saudi Arabia – Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill

2. Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai) – Dubai, United Arab Emirates – Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM

3. The Chicago Spire – Chicago, Illinois, USA – Santiago Calatrava

4. One World Trade Center – Manhattan, New York City, USA – Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP

5. Taipei 101 – Taipei, Taiwan – C. Y. Lee & Partners

6. Shanghai World Financial Center – Shanghai, China – Kohn Pedersen Fox & Associates

7. Petronas Towers – Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia – Cesar Pelli & Associates

8. KK100 Development – Shenzhen, China – TFP Farrells

9. Guangzhou International Finance Center – Guangzhou, China – Wilkinson Eyre Architects

10. Willis Tower (Sears Tower) – Chicago, Illinois, USA – Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM

11. Trump Chicago Tower – Chicago, Illinois, USA – Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, SOM

12. The World Trade Center – Manhattan, New York, USA – Minoru Yamasaki & Associates

13. Al Hamra Tower – Kuwait, KUW – SOM

14. Empire State Building – Manhattan, New York – Shreve, Lamb & Harmon Associates

15. Bank of China Tower – Hong Kong, China – Pei Cobb Freed & Partners

16. One Bryan Park – Bank of America Tower – Manhattan, New York, USA – Cook+Fox Architecs LLP

17. Tuntex Sky Tower – Kaohsiung, Taiwan – C. Y Lee & Partners

18. John Hancock Center – Chicago, Illinois, USA – Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, SOM

19. Rose Rayhaan by Rotana – Dubai, United Arab Emirates – Khatib & Alami

20. Burj Al Arab – Dubai, United Arab Emirates – Tom Willis Wright (Atkins)

21. Chrysler Building – Manhattan, New York, USA – William van Alen

22. The New York Times Building – Manhattan, New York City, USA – Renzo Piano Building Workshop

23. The Shard – London Bridge Quarter – London, United Kingdom – Renzo Piano Building Workshop

24. Kingdom Centre – Riyadh, Saudi Arabia – Ellerbe Becket & Omrania

25. Capital City Towers – Moscow, Rusia – NBBJ & Arup

26. American International Building – Manhattan, New York City – Clinton and Russell; Holton & George

Edificio, Ciudad, Altura en metros, Altura en pies, Pisos, Año

  1. Burj Khalifa (Burj Dubai), Dubai, 828 m, 2,717 ft, 163, 2010
  2. Taipei 101, Taipei, 508 m, 1,667 ft, 101, 2004
  3. Shanghai World Financial Center, Shanghai, 492 m, 1,614 ft, 101, 2008
  4. International Commerce Center, Hong Kong, 484 m, 1,588 ft, 108, 2010
  5. Petronas Tower 1, Kuala Lumpur, 452 m, 1,483 ft, 88, 1998
  6. Petronas Tower 2, Kuala Lumpur, 452 m, 1,483 ft, 88, 1998
  7. Zifeng Tower, Nanjing, 450 m, 1,476 ft, 66, 2010
  8. Willis Tower (Sears Tower), Chicago, 442 m, 1,451 ft, 108, 1974
  9. KK100 Development, 442 m, 1,449 ft, 100, 2011
  10. Guangzhou International Finance Center, 439 m, 1,439 ft, 103, 2010
  11. Trump Chicago Tower, Chicago, 415 m, 1,362 ft, 96, 2009
  12. Jin Mao Tower, Shanghai, 421 m, 1,380 ft, 88, 1999
  13. Princess Tower, Dubai, 413 m, 1356 ft, 101, 2012
  14. Al Hamra Tower, Kuwait City, 413 m, 1354 ft, 80, 2011
  15. Two International Finance Centre, Hong Kong, 415 m, 1,362 ft, 88, 2003
  16. 23 Marina, Dubai, 393 m, 1289 ft, 90, 2012
  17. CITIC Plaza, Guangzhou, 391 m, 1,280 ft, 80, 1996
  18. Shun Hing Square, Shenzhen, 384 m, 1,260 ft, 69, 1996
  19. Empire State Building, New York City, 381 m, 1,250 ft, 102, 1931
  20. Elite Residence, Dubai, 380 m, 1248 ft, 87, 2012
  21. Central Plaza, Hong Kong, 374 m, 1,227 ft, 78, 1992
  22. Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, 367 m, 1,205 ft, 70, 1990
  23. Bank of America Tower, New York City, 366 m, 1,200 ft, 58, 2009
  24. Almas Tower, Dubai, 360 m, 1,181 ft, 68, 2008
  25. The Pinnacle, Guangzhou, 360, 1181 ft, 60, 2012
  26. JW Marriott Marquis Hotel Tower 1, Dubai, 355 m, 1166 ft, 82, 2012
  27. Emirates Tower One, Dubai, 355 m, 1,163 ft, 54, 2000
  28. Tuntex Sky Tower, Kaohsiung 348 m, 1,140 ft, 85, 1997
  29. Aon Center, Chicago, 346 m, 1,136 ft, 83, 1973
  30. The Center, Hong Kong, 346 m, 1,135 ft, 73, 1998
  31. John Hancock Center, Chicago, 344 m, 1,128 ft, 100, 1969
  32. Tianjin World Financial Center, Tianjin, 337 m, 1,105, 75, 2011
  33. The Torch, Dubai, 337, 1105 ft, 79, 2011
  34. Keangnam Hanoi Landmark Tower, Hanoi, 336 m, 1102 ft, 70, 2012
  35. Shimao International Plaza, Shanghai, 333 m, 1,094 ft, 60, 2006
  36. Rose Rotana Tower, Dubai, 333 m, 1,093 ft, 72, 2007
  37. Minsheng Bank Building, Wuhan, 331 m, 1,086 ft, 68, 2008
  38. China World Tower, Beijing, 330 m, 1,083 ft, 74, 2010
  39. Longxi International Hotel, Jiangyin, 328 ft, 1076 ft, 74, 2011
  40. The Index, Dubai, 326 m, 1,070 ft, 80, 2010
  41. Q1 Tower, Gold Coast City (AU), 323 m, 1,058 ft, 78, 2005
  42. Wenzhou Trade Center, Wenzhou, 322 m, 1,056 ft, 68, 2011
  43. Burj Al Arab, Dubai, 321 m, 1,053 ft, 60, 1999
  44. Nina Tower, Hong Kong, 320 m, 1,051 ft, 80, 2006
  45. Chrysler Building, New York City, 319 m, 1,046 ft, 77, 1930
  46. New York Times Tower, New York City, 319 m, 1,046 ft, 52, 2007
  47. HHHR Tower, Dubai, 318 m, 1,042 ft, 72, 2010
  48. Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta, 317 m, 1,040 ft, 55, 1993
  49. US Bank Tower, Los Angeles, 310 m, 1,018 ft, 73, 1990
  50. Ocean Heights, Dubai, 310 m, 1,017 ft, 83, 2010
  51. Menara Telekom, Kuala Lumpur, 310 m, 1,017 ft, 55, 2001
  52. Pearl River Tower, Guangzhou, 309 m, 1015, 71, 2012
  53. Emirates Tower Two, Dubai, 309 m, 1014 ft, 56, 2000
  54. Franklin Center-Noth Tower, Chicago, 307 m, 1007 ft, 60, 1989
  55. JPMorgan Chase Tower, Houston, 305 m, 1,002 ft, 75, 1982
  56. Etihad Towers T2, Abu Dhabi, 305 m, 1002, 80, 2011
  57.  Northeast Asia Trade Tower, Incheon, 305 m, 1,001 ft, 68, 2011
  58. Baiyoke Tower II, Bangkok, 304 m, 997 ft, 85, 1997
  59. Two Prudential Plaza, Chicago, 303 m, 995 ft, 64, 1990
  60. Leatop Plaza, Guangzhou, 303 m, 993 ft, 64, 2012
  61. Wells Fargo Plaza, Houston, 302 m, 992 ft, 71, 1983
  62. Kingdom Centre, Riyadh, 302 m, 992 ft, 41, 2002
  63. The Address, Dubai, 302 m, 991 ft, 63, 2008
  64. Capital City Moscow Tower, Moscow, 302 m, 990 ft, 76, 2010
  65. Doosan Haeundae We’ve the Zenith Tower A, Busan, 300 m, 984 ft, 80, 2011
  66.  Arraya Center Office Tower, Kuwait City, 300 m, 984 ft, 60, 2009
  67.  Aspire Tower, Doha, 300 m, 984 ft, 36, 2007
  68. First Bank Tower, Toronto, 298 m, 978 ft, 72, 1975
  69. One Island East, Hong Kong, 298 m, 978 ft, 68, 2008
  70. Eureka Tower, Melbourne, 297 m, 975 ft, 91, 2006
  71. Comcast Center, Philadelphia, 297 m 974 ft 57 2008
  72. Landmark Tower, Yokohama, 296 m, 972 ft, 73, 1993
  73. Emirates Crown, Dubai, 296 m, 971 ft, 63, 2008
  74. Khalid Al Attar Tower 2, Dubai, 294 m, 965 ft, 66, 2011
  75. 311 South Wacker, Chicago, 293 m, 961 ft, 65, 1990
  76. Sky Tower, Abu Dhabi, 292 m, 959 ft, 74, 2010
  77. Haeundae I Park Marina Tower 2, Busan (KR), 292 m, 958 ft, 72, 2011
  78. SEG Plaza, Shenzhen, 292 m, 957 ft, 71, 2000
  79. 70 Pine Street, New York City, 290 m, 952 ft, 67, 1932
  80. Key Tower, Cleveland, 289 m, 947 ft, 57, 1991
  81. Plaza 66, Shanghai, 288 m, 945 ft, 66, 2001
  82. One Liberty Place, Philadelphia, 288 m, 945 ft, 61, 1987
  83. Yingli International Finance Centre, Chongqing, 288 m, 945 ft, 58, 2012
  84. Millennium Tower, Dubai, 285 m, 935 ft, 59, 2006
  85. Sulafa Tower, Dubai, 285 m, 935 ft, 75, 2010
  86. Tomorrow Square, Shanghai, 285 m, 934 ft, 60, 2003
  87. Columbia Center, Seattle, 284 m, 933 ft, 76, 1984
  88. Trump Ocean Club I. Hotel & Tower , Panama City, 284 m, 932 ft, 70, 2011
  89. Three International Finance Center, Seoul, 284 m, 932 ft, 55, 2012
  90. Chongqing World Trade Center, Chongqing, 283 m, 929 ft, 60, 2005
  91. Cheung Kong Centre, Hong Kong, 283 m, 928 ft, 63, 1999
  92. The Trump Building, New York City, 283 m, 927 ft, 71, 1930
  93. Suzhou RunHua Global Building A, Suzhou, 282 m, 925 ft, 49, 2010
  94. Doosan Haeundae We’ve the Zenith Tower B, Busan, 282 m, 924 ft, 75, 2011
  95. Bank of America Plaza, Dallas, 281 m, 921 ft, 72, 1985
  96. Torre Vitri, Panama City (PA), 281 m, 921 ft, 75, 2012
  97. Marina Pinnacle, Dubai, 280 *m, 919 ft, 73, 2011
  98. United Overseas Bank Plaza One, Singapore (SG), 280 m, 919 ft, 66, 1992
  99. Excellence Century Plaza Tower 1, Shenzhen, 280 m, 919 ft, 60, 2010
  100. Shimao Didang New City Main Tower, Shaoxing (CN), 280, 919 ft, 56, 2012

El CTBUH Consejo de Edificios Altos y Hábitat Urbano con sede en Chicago se encarga en la actualidad de estudiar los edificios altos de todo el mundo —a partir de 10 o 12 plantas—. No obstante, este importante organismo ofrece premios anuales en diferentes categorías como la de Mejor Edificio de las AméricasMejor Edificio de Asia y AustralasiaMejor Edificio de EuropaMejor Edificio del Medio Este & África; también al Edificio más innovador del año.

Fuente | jmhdezhdez.com